Wednesday, April 23rd, 2014

Adjetivos que acaban en “-ed” y en “-ing” – Adjectives

Curso para aprender inglés en línea gratis – LECCION 29 GRAMMAR – PREINTERMEDIATE

Hoy vamos a darle un vistazo a los adjetivos que acaban en “ed” y en “ing”. Veremos juntos cuando usarlos y las diferencias entre estos adjetivos.


Today we are going to discuss the use of adjectives ending in “ed” and in “ing”. We will look at the differences and on the rules.

Adjectives ending in “ED” and ”ING”

Some adjectives have the characteristic of ending in “ed” and “ing”. Let’s ltake a look at the rules.

  • We use adjectives ending in “ING” to describe something or someone.

Examples:
Maria is watching a very interesting movie.
I hate that teacher. He is really boring.

  • We use adjectives ending in “ED” when we want to describe how people feel.

Examples:
This movie isn’t interesting. I am bored.
Juan is very exited because he is going to travel to Miami for the first time.

Conclusions
- We can use adjectives ending in “ing” for things or people. Remember that when we use “ing” it is describing the person or thing.
- We can use the “ed” ONLY for people (or animals) because THINGS CANNOT FEEL.

We can say:
Felipe is boring. (describes his personality).
Felipe is bored. (he feels bored at the moment)

We can’t say:
The TV program is boredINCORRECT (because things can’t feel).

***Queda claro que para cosas, situaciones u objetos usamos la terminación “ing” y no es posible usar “ed”. La razón es porque se usa la terminación “ed” para expresar lo que uno siente y está claro que las cosas sin vida no pueden sentir. Para personas uno puede usar “ed” (cuando uno siente) o  “ing” pero esta última se usa para DESCRIBIR a la persona. Así que si yo digo “Juan is depressed” quiere decir que se encuentra deprimido ya que describo la situación actual porque por algina razón se siente asi. En cambio si decimos “Juan is depressing” entonces describimos a Juan. Es una persona depresiva.  

Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing list

ADJECTIVES (ING – ED)Spanish translation
alarming alarmed  Alarmante / alarmado
amusing amused Divertido
annoying annoyed Fastidioso / fastidiado
boring bored Aburrido
concerning concerned Preocupante / preocupado
confusing confused Confuso / confundido
embarrassing embarrassed Embarazoso / avergonzado
encouraging encouraged Alentador / animado
entertaining entertained Entretenido
exciting excited Emocionante / emocionado
exhausting exhausted Agotador / agotado
frightening frightened Aterrador / aterrado
frustrating frustrated Frustrante / frustrado
humiliating humiliated Humillante / humillado
interesting interested Interesante / interesado
intriguing intrigued Intrigante / intrigado
overwhelming overwhelmed Abrumador / abrumado
perplexing perplexed Perplejo
pleasing pleased Agradable / complacido
relaxing relaxed Relajante / relajado
satisfying satisfied Gratificante / satisfecho
shocking shocked Chocante / estupefacto
surprising surprised Sorprendente / sorprendido
tiring tired Cansador / cansado

*** Lista mas completa aquí : http://www.trussel.com/eding.htm

Exercises / Ejercicios (Las respuestas están en el audio)

Choose the correct form of the adjective according to the context.

1)      Monday is very bored / boring. It is the first day of the week.
2)      I’m bored / boring with my job. It’s always the same.
3)      When we lost the football game, we felt depressed / depressing.
4)      My team never wins. It is very depressed / depressing.
5)      Reading a book is very relaxed / relaxing.
6)      I am very relaxed / relaxing at the weekend.
7)      The movie I watched yesterday was very interested / interesting.
8)      I’m not very interested / interesting in studying French. I prefer English.
9)      Julio is very exited / exiting about his brand new car.
10)   The Barcelona – Inter match was very exited / exiting.

Online Exercises /  Ejercicios EN LINEA :

http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/345.html
http://www.english-zone.com/grammar/prtcplsnj.html
http://perso.wanadoo.es/autoEnglish/gr.ad.inged.p.htm (Para ver respuestas ir a la parte inferior y click en Answers)

Separata de la BBC (Con respuestas)

- http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/rmhttp/worldservice/learningenglish/grammarchallenge/pdfs/3_eding_practice.pdf

Comentarios de Facebook

24 Responses to “Adjetivos que acaban en “-ed” y en “-ing” – Adjectives”

  1. Dane says:

    Great, I like very much this page, is a page very intersting, and the information is great. Regards teacher Carlos, good and excellent class….!!!

    Reply - Responda a este comentario

  2. Alex says:

    Great to learn the easy way! and this is one of them, great blog and detailed information I wish the best for you teacher Carlos not all the people do what you are doing.

    Best regards!

    Reply - Responda a este comentario

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