Used to – Curso de ingles: Como expresar rutinas en el pasado
Curso de INGLES en linea gratuito – Aprender Ingles en INTERNET- LECCION 34 curso PRE INTERMEDIO
LECCION EN AUDIO (hacer click en el ICONO de PLAY)
We talked about how to use the past simple past continuous (LESSON 32) Today we are going to learn how to use the structure or form “USED TO”
Hoy aprenderemos como hablar de rutinas en el pasado. Veremos como usar la estructura USED TO y de que forma nos puede servir para comunicarnos mejor en inglés
Structure and form (Table 1)
|I used to playfootball||I didn’t use to play football||Did you use to play football?|
|She used to smoke||She didn’t use to smoke||Did she use to smoke?|
|They used to go dancing||They didn’t use to go dancing||Did they use to go dancing ?|
As we can see, it is used with the PAST SIMPLE structure.
Subject + [USED TO + Infinitive] + Complement
- My wife USED TOPLAY volleyball.
Subject + [didn’t USE TO + Infinitive] + Complement
- Peter didn’t use to drink whiskey.
Question Word + [did + Subject + USE TO + Infinitive] + Complement
- What sport did Maria use to practice?
- How much money did you use to spend at the casino?
- Did Juan use to play the violin?
We use the structure USED TO to talk about PAST HABITS and ROUTINES.
Please remember that when we talk about present habits and routines we use the PRESENT SIMPLE. There is no present form of the structure USED TO. Look at the following table
|Present habits and routines||Past habits and routines|
|I get up at 6:00 am||I used to get up at 6:00 am|
|Santiago smokes||Santiago used to smoke|
|My mother cooks||My mother used to cook|
|They don’t play tennis||They didn’t use to play tennis|
|Juan doesn’t teach||Juan didn’t use to teach|
|Does Tina work for IBM?||Did Tina use to work for IBM?|
|Where do they live?||Where did they use to live?|
If we have the following sentence
Brian used to work at the bank.
The present form of the sentence is:
Brian works at the bank CORRECT
Brian use to work at the bank INCORRECT
THERE IS NO PRESENT FORM OF THE STRUCTURE USED TO. REMEMBER THAT TO EXPRESS PRESENT HABITS AND ROUTINES WE USE THE PRESENT SIMPLE.